How to integrate Java Server Faces (JSF) with Spring?
JSF and Spring do share some of the same features, most noticeably in the area of IOC services. By declaring JSF managed-beans in the faces-config.xml configuration file, you allow the FacesServlet to instantiate that bean at startup. Your JSF pages have access to these beans and all of their properties.We can integrate JSF and Spring in two ways:
- DelegatingVariableResolver: Spring comes with a JSF variable resolver that lets you use JSF and Spring together.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <!DOCTYPE beans PUBLIC "-//SPRING//DTD BEAN//EN" "http://www.springframework.org/dtd/spring-beans.dtd"> <faces-config> <application> <variable-resolver> org.springframework.web.jsf.DelegatingVariableResolver </variable-resolver> </application> </faces-config>
The DelegatingVariableResolver will first delegate value lookups to the default resolver of the underlying JSF implementation, and then to Spring’s ‘business context’ WebApplicationContext. This allows one to easily inject dependencies into one’s JSF-managed beans.
- FacesContextUtils:custom VariableResolver works well when mapping one’s properties to beans in faces-config.xml, but at times one may need to grab a bean explicitly. The FacesContextUtils class makes this easy. It is similar to WebApplicationContextUtils, except that it takes a FacesContext parameter rather than a ServletContext parameter.
ApplicationContext ctx = FacesContextUtils.getWebApplicationContext(FacesContext.getCurrentInstance());